Health/ HIV & OVC

Health / HIV & OVC

Our health services ensure access to and the provision of comprehensive (promotive, preventive,

Curative, and rehabilitative) affordable health care for our target population.

We conduct free mobile HIV Counseling and Testing for willing individuals who wish to know their HIV Status. Current prevalence of HIV status in Kaduna state is placed at 1.1% (Nigerian Aid and impact Survey 2018). The national HIv prevalence is 1.4%. We will continue to make our contribution towards sustained suppression of the virus by creating more awareness through our community outreach programs and promote positive behavior.  The free HCT service is taken to the doors of community members and enables them to willingly know their status, get right information and make informed choices.

Rapid Hepatitis B and C Virus testing was also facilitated. Cases diagnosed to be reactive are referred for treatment care and support service at appropriate health facility.

 

Improving the welfare of women and children

 

Nutrition –Nutrition is the intake of food, considered in relation to the body’s dietary needs... Poor nutrition can lead to reduced immunity, increased susceptibility to disease, impaired physical and mental development, and reduced productivity. – WHO

 

Malnutrition is a complete opposite of Nutrition; it refers to deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. This has two components; Malnutrition constitutes under-nutrition’—which includes stunting (low height for age), wasting (low weight for height), underweight (low weight for age) and micronutrient deficiencies or insufficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals).While Overweight constitutes obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases (such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and cancer).-WHO

 

What is being done to address malnutrition?

In April 2016, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution proclaiming the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition from 2016 to 2025 https://www.unscn.org/en/topics/un-decade-of-action-on-nutrition . The decade thus aims to catalyze policy commitments with measurable action to address all forms of malnutrition.

 

Following the conclusion on discussion that emerged from the 2014 International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2), held in Rome, Nutrition was placed as a pre-condition for development thus an important development goal as its far reaching implication does not only slows development, but it can also lead directly to suffering and death. https://enb.iisd.org/FAO/nutrition/icn2/html/crsvol226num1e.html

 

 How well is Nigeria; Kaduna State doing to attend to this commitments?

In Kaduna State, in spite of several efforts to improve the nutritional status of the citizens by the state government, malnutrition indices are yet appalling especially at rural communities.

 

Children Nutrition

Under-five mortality rate placed at 169 per 1000 live births (NDHS 2013) with malnutrition as the underlying cause of 50% of these deaths, (UNICEF 2011: Nigeria at a glance)

Apart from lack of basic protein and energy, the immediate causes of under nutrition include a lack or deficiency of micronutrients (Vitamin A, Iron and Zinc); the current coverage of micronutrients in the State are: vitamin A 37.6% (NNHS 2018), 43.7% (NDHS 2013), iron 23.3%, (NNHS 2018), 4% (NDHS 2013) and zinc 38.5% (NNHS 2018).

42.9% of children under-5 are moderately stunted (NNHS 2018)

 

Some of our intervention include Active Case finding and facilitating referral to SAM/CMAM program sites

 

Active case finding from our program on Community Infant and Young Child Feeding. CRF Staff identifies malnourished children from the grass root and make appropriate referral to the health facility for immediate stabilization. We have interventions at Kachia, Kajuru and Chikun LGAs of Kaduna State to mention a few.

Furthermore, MICs report revealed that Early Initiation of Breast feeding in the state is 28.9%, exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) rate is 19.7% while 15.8% and 61.3% of children aged 6-23 months receive minimum acceptable diet and minimum dietary diversity respectively (MICs 2017).

Women Nutrition

In Kaduna State 19.6% of women of child bearing age are acutely malnourished and 10.4% are severely malnourished (NNHS, 2015).

Indices for delivery at health facilities

23.4% women do not attend antenatal care and only 28.0% deliver their babies at health facilities (MICs2017)

64.6% women deliver their babies at home;

5.4% deliver without help  while 44.4% deliver with the help of a relative. 2.5% deliver with help of a traditional birth attendant

Only 76.1% pregnant women received skilled birth delivery.

Practice of hand washing with water and soap were observed in 6.0% of households in Kaduna (NDHS, 2013).

Our program focus on….

Behavioural Analysis for Kaduna State

Knowledge about Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) practices among mothers in the State ranges between moderate and very low.

28.9 % of women practice Early Initiation Breast Feeding,

Exclusive Breastfeeding rate is 19.7% and 51.2% of babies received pre-lacteal feeds (MICs, 2017); with  mothers believing that the herbs will prevent infections for the new born babies. This clearly shows that a great number of children(79.3%) are mixed fed from early infant months.

Source MICs 2017.

Education levels, economic status of the family are other contributing factors;  a more educated (secondary level) mother is more likely to practice infant and young child feeding, while household with higher income tend to value the importance of other practices include mothers having to do household chores or to engage in other activities such as trading, farming or office work (IYCF C4D planning frameworks, 2015) hence losing the concentration to do proper breast feeding. – information source Kaduna Draft IYCF SBCC Facts

Our thrust

With the little achievement recorded by the outgone MDGs, Carelink Resource Foundation advocates mainstreaming of intervention to reflect global Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) across relevant nutrition ministries department and agencies in Kaduna State. (SDG Picture at KD)

 

 

 

Adolescents angle/Youth Development-

 

Adolescent represent a very important population for appropriate intervention using the model of the Positive youth development we establish clubs and peer to peer interactions and facilitate safe spaces for young adults to discover their positive values.  

 

 

  • Theater for Development is a veritable tool for young persons to utilize their skills and pass messages to strategic audience. 

 

Young adults call on policy makers to implement the violence against children act through T4D as a tool to pass their message.